2015 年 71 巻 2 号 p. 65-76
The effect of water vapor dilution on CH4 flux was examined here using dynamic chamber measurements at the forest floor of a black spruce forest in interior Alaska. CH4 and CO2 concentrations were differently diluted by increased water vapor in each chamber. After correction for water vapor dilution was applied, source (positive) CH4 flux was enhanced, whereas sink (negative) flux was reduced, and magnitude changed depending on the condition of water vapor.
Several methods were examined to practically correct water vapor dilution for fluxes previously measured. Numerical correction for all data sampled at high frequency intervals (DAE-method) is highly recommended. Water vapor dilution correction for ensemble-averaged data (SA-method) is also applicable, though not recommended in case of long-term average data for accurate flux determination, especially for data obtained at irregular source strength plots. When evapotranspiration is measured in parallel to CH4 flux, the removal of the water vapor increment due to evapotranspiration in the chamber is another option for correction (HCE-method). This method resulted in similar accuracy to the DAE-method, as long as continuously sampled data were applicable.
The application of the correction for water vapor dilution to previous tower-based flux data (measured over a wet sedge tundra in Barrow throughout the month of August, 2000) also resulted in an increase in source (positive) flux of 6.6% on average.
This study concludes that either accurate flux must be determined using mixing ratio, or a water vapor dilution correction must be applied using simultaneously measured water vapor and trace gases.