ACTA HISTOCHEMICA ET CYTOCHEMICA
Online ISSN : 1347-5800
Print ISSN : 0044-5991
ISSN-L : 0044-5991
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Collapsin Response Mediator Protein 1, a Novel Marker Protein for Differentiated Odontoblasts
Toshihiro MiyazakiTomomi T. BabaMasako MoriToshihisa Komori
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2018 Volume 51 Issue 6 Pages 185-190

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Abstract

We previously reported that the terminal differentiation of odontoblasts was inhibited in Runx2 transgenic {Tg(Col1a1-Runx2)} mice under the control of the 2.3-kb Col1a1 promoter. Odontoblasts in Tg(Col1a1-Runx2) mice lose their characteristic long cellular processes, and show marked reductions in the protein levels of markers for odontoblasts, such as dentin sialophosphoprotein, nestin, and microtubule-associated protein tau (Mapt). We herein demonstrated that collapsin response mediator protein 1 (CRMP1), a neuronal phosphoprotein that participates in various aspects of neuronal development, was specifically expressed in the differentiated odontoblasts of wild-type, but not Tg(Col1a1-Runx2) tooth germs by comparing expression profiles in wild-type and Tg(Col1a1-Runx2) mouse molars using microarray and immunohistochemical analyses. CRMP1 expression was detected at a slightly later differentiation stage in odontoblasts than type 1 collagen, nestin, and Mapt expression, which was observed from the onset of dentinogenesis. Among these proteins, CRMP1 was the most specifically localized in odontoblasts in the tooth germ. In erupted molars, odontoblast-specific CRMP1 expression decreased with age. These results indicate that CRMP1 is a novel marker protein for differentiated odontoblasts in mouse tooth germs, and suggest that CRMP1 participates in the morphogenesis of functioning odontoblasts.

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© 2018 The Japan Society of Histochemistry and Cytochemistry
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