2022 Volume 55 Issue 5 Pages 149-157
The purpose of this study was to determine the role of oxidized diacylglycerol (DAG) and the molecular mechanism underlying ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in rat skin flaps. The protective effect of ebselen on the viability of rat skin flaps with I/R injury was investigated. Flaps were designed and raised in the left inguinal region. Then, a microvascular clamp was applied to the vascular pedicle and reperfused after 6 hr. After 7 days of I/R (I/R group), the skin flap survival area ratio was significantly reduced compared to the normal skin. The administration of ebselen significantly improved the ratio compared to the I/R group. The flap survival area ratio of the I/R + ebselen group was significantly improved compared to the I/R + vehicle group. In the I/R + ebselen group, the oxidized DAG content and intensity of phosphorylated PKCα and PKCδ were significantly lower compared to the I/R + vehicle group. Furthermore, the inflammatory response was suppressed in the I/R + ebselen group compared to the I/R + vehicle group. These results indicate that ebselen is useful as a preventive and therapeutic agent for skin flap necrosis caused by I/R, because of reduction and elimination of oxidized DAG.