2022 Volume 55 Issue 6 Pages 185-192
We investigated the pharmacokinetics of alogliptin (AG) at the cell and tissue level in healthy Wistar rats and a type 2 diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat model. Immunohistochemistry of the renal tissue in these rats, post 1 hr of AG administration, showed that the signal was observed in the glomeruli, proximal tubule S3 segments, distal tubules, collecting ducts, and only in the brush border of the epithelial cells of the proximal tubule S1, S2 segments. After 6 hr of AG administration, the staining intensity of the regions other than the S3 segments was considerably reduced in Wistar rats, with no change observed in GK rats. At 24 hr, the staining intensity was considerably reduced, even in GK rats; however, the staining of the S3 segment remained unaltered in both. Hepatocytes in zone III of the hepatic lobule were more intensely stained than those in zone I in Wistar rats at 1 hr. However, almost no staining was observed in the hepatocytes of GK rats at 1 hr. Complete loss of signal was observed in the hepatocytes of the Wistar rats after 6 hr. This study revealed that the pharmacokinetics of AG in GK rats are different from those in Wistar rats.