This study is to clarify the characteristics of "SOU-DOU" and "MURA-DOU" through the cases in Wachi-cho, Kyoto prefecture. In this study, SOU-DOU and MURA-DOU are defined as the "DOU" [little temple] that is kept by organizations such as "SOU" (in the medieval period) and/or "MURA [village]" (in the premodern period). I try to clarify the distribution, formation process, religious area, and location of these DOU. The conclusions are given as follows: 1. The formation process of SOU-DOU or MURA-DOU is influenced by the formation of the village as its religious area. 2. The SOU-DOU or MURA-DOU tends to have location connected to its religious area.