This work intends to disclose the ordering system for actual firefighting in Kyoto city under the Tokugawa regime (Tokugawa era). In this paper, it will be clarified the role of Kyoto hikeshi and Kyoto johikeshi these were fire fighting teams of Tozama Daimyo (feudal lord group) in the Kinki area. Some studies described that the role of them was fire extinguishing for Kyoto city only, and others described fire fighting team of Tozama Daimyo were defense army of Kyoro. But, in this paper, it will be clarified that Kyoto hikesi started as substitute for Kyoto shoshidai (governor of Kyoto and its neighboring district) and the fire house located near Tuijiuchi (the royal palace). There for the role of Kyoto them included fire fighting for Tuijiuchi.