This study aims to evaluate the earthquake disaster rehabilitation land readjustment project through the conscious of the residents. We made a questionnaire survey on the residents at the Misuga district, Kobe City where the project was enforced. Clarified points are as follows: 1) Residents' evaluation corresponds to level that people put their lives back in order. 2) There are three significant factors which impede putting residents' lives back in order; infrastructure redevelopment, uniformity of land use and collapse of neighbourly ties. 3)Collapse of neighborly ties gave negative impacts on majority of the residents in the area, on the other hand redevelopment of infrastructure and uniformity of land use gave greater impacts on the residents who less putted their lives back. 4) Redevelopment of infrastructure has formed the space that social contacts hardly occurred and then obstructed to rebuild neighbourly ties. 5) The process of uniformity of land use has broken up mutual assistance which used to exist among independent enterprisers and between residents and independent enterprisers in the area.