This paper is to reconstruct the urban space of early Niigata which lay on the left bank of the Shinano River in the first half of the seventeenth century. For this purpose, the methodology of historical geography is applied to compare three maps. The first is the illustrated plan of early Niigata drawn at an unknown time, the second is the eighteenth century map of Yorii village which relocated to where early Niigata used to be and the third is the current map of the same area. The results of this study are as follows:
1. Two existing pathways are identified as those of early Niigata.
2. The modern canals of this area are identified as the left stream of the Shinano River in the period of early Niigata.
3. The dune formed before the fourteenth century is identified as the hill on which the oldest part of early Niigata used to be.