The aim of this study was to analyze the change in a local resident's landscape recognition of Kobe's environmental transformation. First, the cognitive region was obtained using a map representing “change” and “identity,” and the cognitive region and components were investigated. Next, formative factors of the cognitive attitude were obtained by quantification theory III. First axis shows the complexity and the spread about cognitive region of the "changed". Second axis shows the dispersion and environment cognition about Kobe's identity. Third axis shows component attributes and bustling about becoming Kobe's identity . The sample score obtained by quantification theory III was grouped into four types by cluster analysis. And attributes for each type were obtained. Finally, after cognitive region and cognitive attribute of each type were obtained, we considered the attitude of residents' landscape recognition, given the location's environmental changes.