日本建築学会計画系論文集
Online ISSN : 1881-8161
Print ISSN : 1340-4210
コンパクトシティ形成に向けた住宅団地集約化の相互計画プロセスと評価
夕張市都市計画マスタープランにもとづく真谷地団地集約化の実践
瀬戸口 剛加持 亮輔北原 海尾門 あいり松村 博文
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ジャーナル フリー

2016 年 81 巻 722 号 p. 899-908

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 On the population reducing situations in Japanese local cities, planning Integrated Compact Cities are required on its future visions. Authors focus on Yubari City that have lost out financially has been planned to Integrated Compact City with shrinking urban area depend on the fiscal restraint. Considering not only the financial reconstructions but also improving living environment of residents should be required on the planning of Integrated Compact City. The planning team (City of Yubari, Hokkaido University and Northern Regional Building Research Institute) enforced the urban shrinking project of Mayachi public housing estate district one of the districts in Yubari City with that policy. The shrinking project was carried out with Communicative Planning between Yubari City and the residents for their relocation on the shrinking district.
 Authors developed Communicative Planning on this Mayachi housing shrinking project with five mutual steps. On the First step, the planning team figured out the 7 basically points for the project, integrations housing estates, rehabilitation of housing units and so on. In the next step, the team provided to the tenants those points and took their intention. After that, Yubari City made the draft plan of the shrinking project with reflection of the tenant's intents. In this third step, the basically points were increased to 11 points with the reflection. In the fourth step, the planning team asked the draft plan to all of the tenants by the questionnaire. Over half of the tenants who were planned to relocate inside the Mayachi housing estate indicated their intention approval or conditional approval to the draft plan of the shrinking project. Finally in the fifth step, Mayer of Yubari City decided the shrinking project of Mayachi public housing estate with 16 points of planning. This communicative planning between Yubari City and the tenants was very important on the shrinking project. The shrinking project should be proceeded with both advantage of municipality and residents, because it is required residents agreements on the shrinking projects.
 At the result, author provided the eight important points on the Communicative Planning on the shrinking district as follows. 1) The planning of shrinking district should be made for effects of financial rehabilitation. 2) On the process of the district shrinking planning, important points from both the financial rehabilitation of the municipality and the improvements of the residents living environment should be reflected. 3) The intention of residents for the shrinking planning are better taken in the residents work shop. 4) The details of intention of all of residents may be grasped by questionnaire for the project. 5) The intention of no-relocation residents also important on the shrinking project. Their agreements for the district shrinking project have some influences for approval of the project. 6) The renovation of common facilities of the district is very important for the shrinking project, because it has possibilities improving most of residents living environments. 7) At the results of the reflecting resident's intention to the district shrinking project, resident's evaluations may be good after the project. 8) On the district shrinking projects, considering to improving residents living environments and common facilities are the most important planning points.

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