2017 年 82 巻 731 号 p. 123-132
Local city is in a situation of population decline and shrinking financial resources. To formulate good place for civic activities and boisterous ambience is needed by accumulation of public service to city center for regeneration of sustainable central district. Therefore, many local governments undertake a reconstruction and relocation of it in view of the circumstances in themselves for efficient city management.
From these background, in this paper, we aimed to clarify a relationship between the urban core formation by public facilities and municipal strategy for future urban structure based on City Center Devitalization Basic Plan.
In this paper, at first, we investigated about an improvement situation of public facilities listed in City Center Devitalization Basic Plan of 63 cities and 65 district by our questionnaire survey. Next, we clarified the location and function of 116 public facilities with completed construction. Then, we investigated facility location of case study before make a plan, and classified accumulation structure of public facility in 7 types. Moreover, we considered about relationship between the accumulation type and location of new facility listed in City Center Devitalization Basic Plan. Finally, we framed several conclusions about function and characterization of public facility as the breakthrough for urban regeneration through case analysis of 7 cities which changed their type of accumulation structure by new location facilities listed in the plan.
Conclusions we obtained are as follows.
1. From the results of questionnaire survey to a person in charge of city planning division in each municipality, 63 cities promoted to construction of 116 new public facilities based on City Center Devitalization Basic Plan.
2. Urban core which formed by accumulation of public facility can be classified to 7 types from the viewpoint of a facility at center of a core.
3. After construction of new public facility, 7 cities changed their accumulation type of public facility in a strategic way according to individual goal of City Center Devitalization Basic Plan.