日本建築学会計画系論文集
Online ISSN : 1881-8161
Print ISSN : 1340-4210
ISSN-L : 1340-4210
上野博物館の設計に際して参考にされた可能性のある資料
明治初期の博物館計画に関する研究
河田 健
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ジャーナル フリー

2017 年 82 巻 735 号 p. 1247-1253

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 This paper examined the drawings from overseas that were available at the time for the design of the Ueno Museum and the books that were held by the Kobu Fine Art Academy and the Imperial College of Engineering. Antonio Fontanesi, Giovanni Vincenzo Cappelletti, Josiah Conder were involved in the design. Fontanesi and Cappelletti were lecturers at the Kobu Fine Art Academy and Conder was a lecturer at the Imperial College of Engineering. Drawing from overseas is Toshimichi Okubo, who was responsible for setting up the museum, asked the envoy of eight countries to gather information on advanced cases. It is conceivable that the government entrusted design to fontaneji or caberetti in order to refer to the drawing Okubo Toshimichi collected from overseas. The completed Ueno museum used red bricks. The design proposed "Pseudo, Saracenic", an Islamic style motif such as octagonal Islamic style domes, spire arches, Islamic decorative arches was adopted.
 About the design of the Ueno museum, Fontanesi or Cappelletti once completed the design, was present at the positioning and staking of the building on March 14, 1888. And Condor is thought to have done the design after construction starts. Documents considered to be referred to at each design stage are as follows.

 1. It is thought that Fontanesi or Cappelletti was designed based on the reference drawing of Federico Berchet sent by Mr. Masataka Kawase, Ambassador of Italy. The drawings sent by Federico Berchet are considered to be drawings of the Venetian Natural History Museum. In the Venetian Natural History Museum, red bricks are used for the exterior, but since the marble is used in the front, it has a white color. The wall of the facade has a circular arch adopted. The roof is a sloped roof, but the wall looks like a flat roof as it rises above the eaves.

 2. Regarding the design of Conder, the drawings of Alfred Waterhouse, sent by Mr. Ueno Kagenori, Ambassador of England, are considered to be drawings of the London Natural History Museum. For Waterhouse, It was confirmed the document that the government sent compensation for the reference to the design. The London Natural History Museum is regarded as a German Romanesque style using terra cotta. It has symmetrical elevation and two octagonal towers are adopted in the center part.. In the drawing of Waterhouse, there are two-color arches and arches that contain arcs, which are common with drawing of Conder.

 3. About the books that were held by the Kobu Fine Art Academy and the Imperial College of Engineering, Although it was confirmed that the Kobu Fine Art Academy had many books on catalogs and paintings, it was not possible to confirm books considered to be a reference for the Ueno Museum's design. For books held at the Imperial College of Engineering, in addition to books that are reference book of "Pseudo, Saracenic" suggested by Condor, they also have technical books such as structural calculation, heating, ventilation and cost, and as a reference for design It is thought that it was used.

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