日本建築学会計画系論文集
Online ISSN : 1881-8161
Print ISSN : 1340-4210
ISSN-L : 1340-4210
明治三陸津波後の復興政策と集落再建に関する研究
岡村 健太郎
著者情報
キーワード: 津波, 集落再建, 防災, 高所移転
ジャーナル フリー

2017 年 82 巻 741 号 p. 3013-3021

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抄録

 In the process of reconstruction after the Showa Sanriku tsunami, a social improvement policy based on the movement of economical rehabilitation for villages was implemented in addition to the rebuilding of damaged houses and land at many villages. And, the author revealed how the villages after the Showa Sanriku tsunami reconstructed after the Showa Sanriku tsunami in his previous paper. On the other hand, there are not many studies on the reconstruction of the Meiji Sanriku tsunami. Therefore, this paper aims to clarify the reconstruction of the early stage modern state by analyzing the policy of the administration after the Meiji Sanriku tsunami and the reality of the reconstruction in the affected villages.
 The central government's involvement in the reconstruction was limited, the Meiji government only supplied fund. Moreover, the amount of fund supply was not sufficient. However, due to the fact that many donations from the private sector gathered, the amount of relief provided to the victims was enough to reconstruct small houses. On the other hand, local governments played leading roles. For instance, Miyagi Prefecture encouraged relocation of affected villages, and borne the cost of maintenance of the contact road. Iwate Prefecture dispatched staff to affected villages and supported industrial reconstruction.
 Using cadastral maps and land registers, the paper investigates the details of physical reconstruction of Kirikiri village, among the 122 damaged houses, 52 were found to have been relocated to the higher places. And it seems that it was restricted to live in an area close to the sea, despite lack of administrative guidance. Industrial reconstruction was promptly accomplished through appropriate measures according to the situation of the villages through efforts of staff dispatched from the prefecture and influential people of the villages.
 Even though it was not enough, the national fund was put into the afflicted area and used for the reconstruction of the victimized villages. Such situation was not seen in disaster recovery before the early modern (Edo period), which was limited to the relief of the poor. However, it was local governments such as prefectures and counties that played important roles in actually rebuilding industries and houses in the affected villages. However, it should be noted that some fortune, such as good fishery and large donations, helped the quick recovery after the tsunami.

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