日本建築学会計画系論文集
Online ISSN : 1881-8161
Print ISSN : 1340-4210
ISSN-L : 1340-4210
正方形平面を用いた現代建築作品にみられる類的構造
建築における幾何学性と尺度に関する研究
大村 高広片桐 悠自岩岡 竜夫
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ジャーナル フリー

2018 年 83 巻 752 号 p. 2067-2077

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 The square determines architectural form beyond differences in region, era, scale, and function. For example, symmetry and centrality within square were frequently used as an autonomous form to mediate the overall construction and composition. Former studies, such as Munari (1960), Isozaki (1997) and Evans (2000) have reported that square plan could easily be found in a lot of contemporary architectures in several diverse schemes. Although, types and internal standards have not yet been organized.

 The purpose of this research was to clarify typological structure and existence of regularity in contemporary architecture made of square plan. Research started with gathering all square planned works, published in major architectural media in Japan, and analyzing 416 works using Cluster Analysis, Correlation Analysis, Multiple Correspondence Analysis (MCA), Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CCA). Prior to the multivariate analysis, 1 - 0 matrix was created from the data on the presence (=1) or absence (=0) of compositional elements.

 Results could be summarized in the following statements,
 1. Architectural geometry is defined as the three stratums: compositional geometry, projective geometry and signified geometry, which require analysis in consideration of size.
 2. Explication of linkage structure between the compositional elements by using Cluster Analysis and Correlation Analysis.
 3. Examining the typological structure by using MCA and Cluster Analysis.
 4. Discovery of latent structures which define types; a. symmetry and asymmetry of the compositional elements. b. unity and plurality of the compositional elements.
 5. Explication of character of the morphological structure in consideration of size by using CCA.

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