日本建築学会計画系論文集
Online ISSN : 1881-8161
Print ISSN : 1340-4210
ISSN-L : 1340-4210
社会福祉協議会による中山間地域における高齢者福祉施設の整備運営の取組み
-山口県を対象として-
三島 幸子中園 眞人山本 幸子孔 相権
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ジャーナル フリー

2019 年 84 巻 756 号 p. 345-354

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 A social welfare council is located as the organization promoting community welfare, and has worked on home-visit care and day care services etc. in the wide areas including the rural areas. In addition, the number of social welfare councils establishing day care facility, multifunctional long term care in a small group home, group home and so on by their own has increased since 2000 when nursing care insurance system was introduced. It is an important issue to verify facility establishment effects by a social welfare council in mountainous areas in considering the prospect of securing bearers of welfare services for the elderly. Therefore, this paper aims to clarify the management methods and establishment efforts of the aged person's welfare facilities managed by the social welfare councils by analysis on establishment history and process. The results are as follows.
 1) Elderly welfare facility management related business accounts for 8.2% in all business of social welfare councils in Chugoku area. Management of day care facilities is the most, but management of multifunctional long term care in a small group home and group home has increased since 2000. Almost social welfare councils managed the facilities established by the local governments before 2000. On the other hand, many social welfare councils establish the facilities by their own as they incorporate the requests of the residents after 2000.
 2) 8 social welfare councils manage the welfare facilities. There is no effect of rising the service level by social welfare council in the old cities, because the private section corporations established many facilities. However, there is effect of rising the service level by social welfare council in the old towns and villages, because the private section corporations established a few facilities.
 From the above, many social welfare councils were charged with the facility management from the local governments before 2000. On the other hand, they established the facility by their own by cooperation with residents after 2000 when nursing care insurance system was introduced. So, the roles of them in the establishment and management of the facilities have changed. It is characteristics that they established the facilities by using the existing facilities and lands owned the local governments and private houses donated by the residents, and cooperation with the residents and local governments affects promoting the facility establishment by social welfare councils in the future. The day care facilities were established in each area before the merger of Meiji era, and service level rises in mountainous and islands areas especially. It is possible to manage the welfare facilities in the rural area by reducing the cost of establishment using existing buildings and managing plural facilities.

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