Gunsan is located in the west coast of South Korea, there had been the Foreign Settlement at Gunsan from 1899 to 1913. This paper aims to clarify plan of the Foreign Settlement at Gunsan.
This study focuses on planning the Foreign Settlement at Gunsan and the other is the analysis of changes and features in Planning.
Preceding study focused on big port cities (Busan and Incheon) and Japanese colonial period. However, this study is impotant to show foreign settlement in Korea before the Japanese colonial period.
This study concludes followings;
1) The survey and plan for the establishment of ‘the Foreign Settlement at Gunsan’ were initiated by the Japanese government and its contents were forwarded to the Korean government. Then, it was planned by the Inspector General of Customs of the Korean government, after which the Foreign Ministry of the Korean government conducted a survey on ‘the Foreign Settlement at Gunsan’. Conclusionally, final planning was according to the Japanese government's plan and the Inspector General of Customs's plan, and the Foreign Ministry of the Korean government's opinion was not adopted. In addition, ‘The Foreign Settlement at Gunsan’ was finally reflected by the Japanese government's opinion that the tidal flats were included in the settlement area.
2) The settlement boundary along the coast of Geumgang River was adopted by the Japanese government's plan, which included tidal flats in the northern area. It was a plan based on the assumption of creating a town area after the tidal flats were reclaimed. However, the port facility did not appear in the plan. That's because a harbor improvement was a project that the Korean government had to implement under ‘The Regulation for the Foreign Settlements at Kunsan, Masan and Songchin’. On the other hand, the town area was prescribed to be constructed by the Municipal Council. Meanwhile, the southern boundary of the ‘the Foreign Settlement at Gunsan’ has been reduced by the Inspector General of Customs of the Korean government more than the Japanese government's plan. This was to not include existing Korean towns as far as possible.
3) The town plan was designed around the street coast of Geumgang River and the street directly connected to it. Also, the final planing of the Foreign Settlement at Gunsan was planned for grid-shaped street pattern and blocks. This is different from Masan and Seongjin, which opened at the same time.