The Great East Japan Earthquake includes the nuclear power plant accident in Fukushima. The disaster still goes on. We have to record what happens and consider what we should prepare for the next disaster.
The nuclear power plant disaster requires zoning for evacuation. It can be classified into three types.
1. Zoning for Emergency Evacuation -2011.3. 11 – 4.21: it has to be decided under uncertain situations. The national government adopted the physical numerical value as a zoning line. On the other hand, local municipalities often used their own territory as a border. The current evacuation plan, which has been institutionalized after the Fukushima F-1, cannot realize its agenda at the next disaster.
2. Zoning for Temporary Sheltering 2011.4. 22 – 9.30: it is strongly influenced by the contamination level and will influence the future one. If the locals require for the strict decontamination, it will face difficulties in terms of construction work and storage place for contaminated soil. The municipality and community may discuss this conflicted matter from ordinary times.
3. Zoning for Protracted Refuge -2011.10.1-: the protracted term is very various including the negative repatriation area. However, it is also timed zoning in a similar way of other restraint order zones. The national government tries to construct a central hub for the negative repatriation area. We have to figure out a new methodology for this zone considering the relationship between non-returners and their home town. As the conditions of lifting the evacuation, the national government offered to prepare for the living environment. There is a difference between the consciousness of national government, and the reality of the damaged area and people.
After the experience of Fukushima F-1 Disaster, we should understand that the zoning system cannot guarantee the evacuation from the nuclear power plant accident nor settle the turmoil by the contamination.