This study targets Takamatsu Marugamemachi shopping street (Takamatsu-shi, Kagawa) where rates it as a best practice, and where commercial activities are integrally operated both redeveloped and undeveloped districts. Then, this study is aimed to consider economic system which supports its society and space from behind as Area’s Context (Organizational Context), to clarify its mechanism, and to gain knowledge of a whole concept of redevelopment at regional cities for the future.
There are several social organizations such as business enterprises by purpose and the promotion association of the shopping street at this area. It becomes obvious that there is a common pattern with respect to each district when it is examined their structure of elements such as contractual relationship, capital subscription, funds flow, and decision making procedure. It is to implement advanced tenant leasing method by ‘management organization’ who is entrusted facility management by ‘organization of block building’ owning redeveloped facilities. The results showed that rent is distributed to land owners due to subordinated dividend. Besides, the land owners take risk and responsibility for management through participating in decision making of Governing Association. This philosophy is shared with all districts as the common pattern.
Under the certain philosophy, the pattern has characteristics which result in alternation of methods of city planning and redevelopment schemes with area attributes and economic situation. Furthermore, with including in land owners whose properties have been undeveloped, all land owners are integrated into large funds flow in the entire area and mechanism of decision making. Consequently, it is identified that this study field, Takamatsu Marugamecho has characteristics of Organizational Context as defined by this study. Hereafter, it is an issue of horizontal cooperation between governing associations beyond districts.