1988 年 389 巻 p. 125-135
There are two drawings of great fires at 1832 in Takayama local museum. In two drawings, I can get many informations on Takayama at 1832, for example, a shape of the town, a site of house, a distribution of "Kashiya" (houses of rent) and its owners. Three south-north roads were main streets and there were some esat-west paths that connected them. Along even three main street, there were "Kashiya" s over fifty percent, and "Kashiya" s made a row in both sides of east-west paths. There were fields on the west side of Katahara-machi, however they were not found in the map at 1873. There were seven merchants who had more than ten "Kashiya"s. There were some "Kashiya" owners who lived outside of Takayama. Some "Kashiya" owners employed "Yamori", the person who managed lands and building instead of the owner. I can not find "Yamori" in two drawings, however, I can find "Yamori" in a kinds of cencus register contemporary with drawings. After the great fire, it is often found the case that the renter rebuilt the houses. The big fire was the opportunity that owners disposed of lands and houses. Almost part of Takayama was destroyed again by the great fire at 1876. After twice great fires, Takayama kept the former road pattern and the former shape of house. This had maken Takayama into the traditional town. I think that Takayama kept the shape of the town till the end of the second War.