2012 年 28 巻 1 号 p. 125-148
This paper aims to describe Jordan’s trade-related interaction with Iraq and its economic and social development from the 1970s to the 1980s. It views Jordan’s state of affairs from an empirical aspect on the basis of its recent internal and external situations, including its diverse relationship with Iraq existing since that period. The first section shows the actual condition of Jordan’s trade with Iraq from 1976 to 1990. The second section analyzes the development plans formulated by the Jordanian government aiming to reconstruct the economic and social structure of the East Bank after the occupation of the West Bank by the Israeli Army in 1967. Moreover, this section discusses the financial support provided by the Iraqi government for the improvement of the Aqaba Port and the highways connecting Aqaba and central Jordan or the Iraqi border. Finally, the third section explicates the development of the Aqaba port and the transformation of South Jordan. Through these discussions, this paper concludes the following points. Jordan succeeded in not only receiving aid but also in building substantial relations with Iraq through trade; this was the reason for maintaining relations with Iraq after the decline of financial support by Iraq. The influence of this relationship was also witnessed in Jordan’s domestic economy and society; and the transformation of South Jordan was brought about by not only large investments in ports and roads but also the incorporation of a transport system including Iraq.