2020 Volume 69 Issue 1 Pages 19-27
There is an increasing public concern on food allergy and related anaphylactic reactions that occur mainly at the community level. The perception of the disease is huge among parents who believe that 1 out of 20 children suffers from severe food allergy. The discrepancy between this self-reported prevalence and the real one when a food challenge is performed, points out the gap in the implementation of guidelines for clinical practice. Health professionals as well show scarce adherence to the guidelines both at the Emergency Departments and at the primary care level. Anaphylactic reaction are not recognized, adrenaline is under-used and self-injectable devices are not prescribed. Although education and training are limited to local, spontaneous initiatives from patient's organization and few allergists, the data so far available demonstrate that improvement in knowledge and attitudes can be achieved further to a structured program. There is the need to establish good evidence -based practices for educational intervention that should be adopted in the context of public health policies for food allergy. This would imply a change in legislation in many countries to prevent prosecution for liability of lay people administering adrenaline when properly trained. In parallel an integrated clinical care pathway should be developed by multidisciplinary and multi-professional teams in the context of national Centres of Excellence -CoE. These CoE could drive the progression to digital health create, creating networks of CoE for best practices of care and for clinical trials
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