Fluorescently labeled oligonucleotide probes have been widely used in biotechnology, and fluorescence quenching by the interaction between the dyes and a nucleobase has been pointed out. This quenching causes big problem in analytical methods, but is useful in some other cases. Therefore, it is necessary to estimate the fluorescence quenching intensity under various conditions. We focused on the redox properties of some commercially available fluorescent dyes, and investigated dye-nucleotide interactions between a free dye and a nucleotide in aqueous solution by electrochemical and spectroscopic techniques. Our results suggested that the quenching was accompanied by photoinduced electron transfer between a thermodynamically quenchable excited dye and a specific base. Several kinds of fluorescent dyes labeled to the 5′-end of oligonucleotide C10T6 were prepared, and their quenching ratios compared upon hybridization with the complementary oligonucleotide A6G10. The quenching was completely reversible and their efficiencies depended on the attached fluorophore types. The fluorescence of 5-FAM, BODIPY FL or TAMRA-modified probe was strongly quenched by hybridization.
2001 by The Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry