2006 Volume 22 Issue 4 Pages 635-639
The cloud-point methodology was successfully employed for the preconcentration of heavy metal cations at trace levels from aqueous samples prior to flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). Cations were taken into a complex with 8-quinolinol in an aqueous non-ionic surfactant, Triton X-114, medium and concentrated in the surfactant rich phase by bringing the solution to the cloud-point temperature. The preconcentration of only 100 mL of the solution with 1% Triton X-114 and 10-3 M 8-quinolinol at pH 7.0 gave a preconcentration factor higher than 100 for most cations. Under these conditions, the detection limits of the cloud-point extraction-FAAS system were 0.8 - 15 µg/L.