Interdigitated array electrodes with surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) functionality for in situ qualitative and quantitative analysis of electroactive species are demonstrated. Gold nanostructured interdigitated array electrodes (NIDAEs) were fabricated by electron beam lithography, and used for an electrochemical SERS study of K3[Fe(CN6)] in aqueous KClO4 solution in single and generation-collection modes. The generation-collection mode experiment showed amplification of the SERS band intensity for adsorbed ferricyanide ions at the negative end of the applied potential, while in single mode it was reduced to near zero. This new finding reveals that NIDAEs offer a new opportunity for analytical science by improving analytical sensitivity and detection ability of electroactive species. The electric fields accumulating at nanogaps are promising for manipulating linear and nonlinear optical phenomena. In addition, miniaturized NIDAEs are of great importance for developing lab-on-a-chip devices, and are useful for measurements within small space/volume domains, requiring only small amounts and/or concentrations of analytes.
2010 by The Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry