2010 Volume 26 Issue 12 Pages 1247-1254
The acid-base behavior of rhodamine B (RB) in reversed micellar solutions of cetyltrimethylammonium chloride (CTAC) in 1-hexanol–cyclohexane/water was investigated through absorption and fluorescence measurements under varying the hydrogen-ion concentration in a water pool, the mole fraction of 1-hexanol in a bulk solvent and the water to surfactant molar concentration ratio. RB exhibited equilibria between the cationic, zwitterion and lactone forms of the dye as a cause of the spectral changes, indicating a change in the RB distribution among the reversed micellar water pool, interface and bulk solvent. Furthermore, RB was used as a probe to develop a method for determining the critical micelle concentration (CMC) in CTAC solutions. Abrupt variations in the intensities and wavelengths of the absorption and emission maxima of RB were observed at the CMC. The standard free energy of micellization was also evaluated from the CMC data.