Analytical Sciences
Online ISSN : 1348-2246
Print ISSN : 0910-6340
Original Papers
Microviscosity of Supercooled Water Confined within Aminopropyl-modified Mesoporous Silica as Studied by Time-resolved Fluorescence Spectroscopy
Akira YAMAGUCHIManato NAMEKAWATetsuji ITOHNorio TERAMAE
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Volume 28 (2012) Issue 11 Pages 1065-1070

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Abstract

The fluorescence dynamics of rhodamine B (RhB) immobilized on the pore surface of aminopropyl (AP)-modified mesoporous silica (diameter of the silica framework, 3.1 nm) was examined at temperatures between 293 and 193 K to study the microviscosity of supercooled water confined inside the pores. The mesoporous silica specimen with a dense AP layer (2.1 molecules nm−2) was prepared, and RhB isothiocyanate was covalently bound to part of the surface AP groups. The fluorescence lifetime of the surface RhB increased with decreasing temperature from 293 to 223 K, indicating that freezing of the confined water did not occur in this temperature range. The microviscosity of the supercooled confined water was evaluated from an analysis of the lifetime data based on a frequency-dependent friction model.

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© 2012 by The Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
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