2019 Volume 35 Issue 10 Pages 1135-1140
In the present study, we synthesized a water-soluble substance (Hemin-mPEG) at room temperature by using hemin and poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether (mPEG). It was found that the Hemin-mPEG maintained the excellent catalytic activity inherited from hemin, and was first used to catalyze a luminol–H2O2 chemiluminescence (CL) system to generate an intense and slow CL signal. The results of a mechanism research showed that the presence of Hemin-mPEG could promote the production of oxygen-relative radicals from H2O2 and dissolved oxygen in solution. Based on this mechanism, an ultra-sensitive, cheap and simply practical sensor for detecting glucose and H2O2 was developed. Under the most optimal experimental conditions, H2O2 and glucose detection results exhibited a good linear range from 0.002 to 3 μM and from 0.02 to 4 μM, respectively, and the detection limits were 1.8 and 10 nM, respectively. This approach has been successfully used to detect glucose in actual biological samples, and achieved good results.