1994 Volume 10 Issue 6 Pages 881-888
Indeterminate error of dilution with pipette and flask is studied based on experiments, statistics, Monte Carlo simulation and probability theory. Equations which describe the error of sample concentration after the dilution are probabilistically derived and verified experimentally and statistically. The uncertainty structure of dilution is shown to be different for the pipette-pipette dilution and the pipette-flask dilution. The theory for dilution error developed here will be a basis to predict the precision of some chemical analyses such as the internal standard method in chromatography.