1988 Volume 4 Issue 5 Pages 517-521
The mechanism and rate of the extraction of palladium(II) with o-xylylene bis(diethyldithiocarbamate) (o-XEDTC) or 3-mercapto-1, 5-diphenylformazan (dithizone, Hdz) into chloroform were described. The extracted palladium- (II)-o-XEDTC was represented as PdCl2 (o-XEDTC). The rate of the extraction of palladium(II) with o-XEDTC or Hdz from weakly acidic chloride medium can be represented as -d[Pd(II)]/dt=k1[PdCl3(H2O)-][Q]orgK-1DR+k2[PdCl42-]× [Q]orgK-1DR, where Q represents o-XEDTC or dithizone and KDR is the distribution constant of the extractants between chloroform and water. The replacement of chloride ions and/or water molecules with these extractants should proceed through the formation of five coordinated square pyramidal intermediates, and the subsequent reaction of the release of chloride ions or/and water molecules. That the reactivity of o-XEDTC toward PdCln(H2O)4-n(2-n)+ is smaller than that of dithizone may be related to a steric effect on the formation of a five coordinated intermediate. Palladium(II) was separated with o-XEDTC from other metal ions as copper(II), zinc(II), nickel(II) and cobalt(II). The interference of iron(III) can be masked with phosphate or pyrophosphate.