1971 Volume 24 Issue 12 Pages 855-859
Two kinds of glycolipids (R-l and R-2) were produced in the culture media by several strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa when grown on n paraffin (mixture of C12, C13. and C14 fractions). These compounds were isolated through the extraction of the culture broth with ethylacetate and the chromatography on silicic acid column. On the basis of chemical analysis, these lipids were characterized as 2-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-β- hydroxydecanoyl-β-hydroxydecanoate (R-l) and L-α-rhamnopyranosyl-β- hydroxydecanoyl-β-hydroxydecanoate (R-2). Bactericidal activity of R-2 which is postulated to be a precursor of R-1 was remarked against grampositive bacteria. Further, these compounds also demonstrated mycoplasmacidal and antiviral activities in vitro.