The Journal of Antibiotics
Online ISSN : 1881-1469
Print ISSN : 0021-8820
ISSN-L : 0021-8820
CARBON CATABOLITE REGULATION OF THE CONVERSION OF PENICILLIN N INTO CEPHALOSPORIN C
DIONISIO M. ZANCAJUAN F. MARTÍN
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1983 Volume 36 Issue 6 Pages 700-708

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Abstract

Cephalosporin C biosynthesis by Cephalosporium acremonium was delayed until most glucose in the medium was used. Addition of increasing concentrations of glucose up to 55 g/liter decreased cephalosporin C biosynthesis but stimulated growth. Sequential formation of penicillin N (an intermediate in the cephalosporin C biosynthetic pathway) and cephalosporin C was found when the culture was developed synchronously. Little cephalosporin C formation was observed until most penicillin N had already been formed. The sequential formation of penicillin N and cephalosporin C was due to the sequential formation of the "penicillin N synthetase system" and the "gcephalosporin C synthetase system" Cells grown in the presence of glucose showed an increased accumulation of penicillin N and clear reduction of the conversion of penicillin N to cephalosporin C. Resting cell studies indicated that the glucose effect was due to the repression of one or more of the enzymes converting penicillin N into cephalosporin C. Little inhibition by glucose of the activity of these enzymes, once formed, was observed. Glucose did not effect significantly the pool sizes of either precursor amino acids of cephalosporin (α-aminoadipic acid and valine) or methionine (an inducer of penicillin N and cephalosporin C biosynthesis). On the basis of these data it is suggested that glucose catabolism specifically represses the enzyme system converting penicillin N into cephalosporin C.

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