1988 Volume 41 Issue 2 Pages 212-219
A simple and selective assay system was developed in the search for new insecticidal substances from Actinomycetales strains propagated on solid culture media. The strains were first tested for their ability to produce antimicrobial compounds. Only strains displaying weak or no activity were retained and screened in the insecticidal bioassay. Microbial solid cultures were given as food to larvae and to adults of Musca domestica to detect insecticide producers. A second phase, after extraction of the active compounds, consisted of an evaluation of the insecticidal potency and a primarily biological identification of the products synthesized by the selected strain.
Of 6, 280 actinomycete strains which were screened, 47 were active but only 30 of these were finally chosen in the second phase of screening. All these strains, except one, produced known metabolites such as piericidins, avermectins or valinomycin. The one strain, CL307-24, and its insecticide products appeared novel and will be the topic of further study.