Using PS-5 as starting material, the effects of chemical modification at the C-3 side chain were studied on the antibacterial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria including β-lactamase-producers. Among 35 side chains tested, 4-pyridylthio showed the highest antibacterial activity against the Gram-positive bacteria, and D-cysteinyl against the Gram-negative microbes. In general, compared with acetamidoethylthio in PS-5, basic side chains showed improved antibacterial activity against the staphylococci and pseudomonads, whereas the antibiotic activity against the Gram-negative bacteria decreased with bulky side chains. The introduction of 6-aminopenicillanate and 7-aminocephalosporanate to the C-3 side chain of carbapenem significantly reduced the antibacterial activity against the β-lactamase-producing microbes.
Japan Antibiotics Research Association