A novel bioactive depsipeptide, thiocoraline, was isolated from the mycelial cake of a marine actinomycete strain L-13-ACM2-092. Based on morphological, cultural, physiological, and chemical characteristics, strain L-13-ACM2-092 was ascribed to the genus Micromonospora. Thiocoraline showed a potent cytotoxic activity against P-388, A-549 and MEL-28 cell lines, and also a strong antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive microorganisms. This compound binds to supercoiled DNA and inhibits RNA synthesis.
Japan Antibiotics Research Association