Seven new macrolides having a 12-membered ring, which we termed pladienolides, were isolated from the fermentation broth of Streptomyces platensis Mer-11107. Six of the seven pladienolides inhibited hypoxia-induced reporter gene expression controlled by human VEGF promoter with IC50 values of 0.0018-2.89μM. They also demonstrated growth-inhibitory activity against U251 human glioma cells in vitro. Pladienolides are highly potent inhibitors of both hypoxia signals and cancer cell proliferation, and thus may be useful as antitumor agents.
Japan Antibiotics Research Association