教育心理学年報
Online ISSN : 2186-3091
Print ISSN : 0452-9650
行動変容の立場からの学級経営に関する研究の現状と展望
高野 清純新井 邦二郎高橋 道子勝倉 孝治松村 茂治小川 隆章川島 一夫
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1976 年 15 巻 p. 107-121,179

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This review is concerned with the studies of classroom management from standpoint of behavior modification, which have been carried out systematically from the 1967's. The present paper (a) summarizes the data about the effect of modification techniques of classroom behaviors,(b) explores the availability of techniques for teachers to prevent and modify classroom behavior problems in children, and (c) examines the problems in studies about classroom management and suggests the directions of future studies.
The sections provided here are as follows. 1. Classroom management and the standpoint of behavior modification- the purposes of this review-. 2. Techniques of behavior modification for classroom management. This section includes the following contents, that is,(1) praise and attention,(2) token reinforcement program,(3) punishment,(4) respons cost,(5) time out, and (6) self control. 3. Teacher and classmate as a therapeutic agent in classroom. 4. Problems and future directions of studies.
The last section discusses mainly the problems of (a) generalization and maintenance of the effect of behavior modification techniques in classroom and (b)“to what behaviors should we apply modification techniques in classroom”. And then, this review suggests that the studies appling modification techniques to classroom management should have the direction of self control and intrinsic reinforcement by child himself.

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