Journal of the Anthropological Society of Nippon
Online ISSN : 1884-765X
Print ISSN : 0003-5505
ISSN-L : 0003-5505
Differences of Measurement Values between the Right and Left Feet in Japanese Adults
Fumio KIKUTAShiro KONDOAkira OTSUKAShuichi TAKAHASHI
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JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

1992 Volume 100 Issue 4 Pages 511-525

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Abstract

The dimensional differences between the right (R) and left (L) feet were investigated in each pair of 26 measurement items in Japanese adults (149 males and 178 females). The standard value of bilateral differences was determined, taking into consideration of the standard deviation of the bilateral difference (right minus left) in each item and variance calculated by the nested analysis of variance. The measurement error variance amounted to 25%-40% of total variance in males and 30%-50% in females.
The frequency of subjects without bilateral difference was about 17% in males and about 74% in females for foot length, about 53% both in males and females for foot width, and about 45% both in males and females for ball-joint girth.
Fifteen % of males had the most frequent pattern of L>R in foot length and L=R both in foot width and ball-joint girth, while 17% of females had the most frequent pattern of L=R in these three measurements. With respect to the foot girth measurements, 12% of males had the most frequent pattern of L=R in ball-joint and waist girths and L>R in instep girth, while 16% of females had the most frequent pattern of L=R in these three measurements.

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