2017 Volume 13 Issue 1 Pages 61-69
Background: Occupational therapy (OT) in South Korea suffers from ambiguous legislation and lack of institutional support.
Aim: To identify the current state and prospects of psychiatric OT in South Korea.
Methods: We introduced the concept of Japanese psychiatric OT to Korean occupational therapists (OTRs). In-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with participating OTRs. All interview data were analyzed using thematic analysis and NVivo10.
Results: Interview data were divided into two themes: (1) [Current state of Psychiatric OT in South Korea] and (2) [Impressions on Psychiatric OT in Japan]. Furthermore, [Current state of Psychiatric OT in South Korea] was divided into three nodes: (a) [clinical psychiatry], (b) [legal system], and (c) [psychiatric OT]. In addition, we identified that psychiatric OT in Korea had four major problems related to clinical psychiatry, the legal system, psychiatric OT, and education. Although the treatment structure of OT for acute phase, referred to as “parallel place,” is difficult to apply in South Korea, opinions on OT in Japan by practitioners were generally positive.
Conclusion: We suggest three approaches that could be used in the future in South Korea. Considering the differences in culture and therapeutic systems between South Korea and Japan, this study proposes solutions to improve the quality and status of psychiatric OTRs in South Korea.