Article ID: cr.18-00020
Spontaneous rupture of the thoracic aorta is rare. We present a 76-year-old man who developed spontaneous rupture of the aortic arch associated with massive periaortic hematoma and hypovolemic shock. Because the site of rupture could not be identified, emergency hybrid endovascular aortic repair to shield a long segment of the aorta was performed according to the extent and density of periaortic hematoma on axial CT scans. His blood pressure improved just after deployment of the endograft. Rapid diagnosis by CT and prompt control of aortic hemorrhage by endografting salvaged this patient. Three-dimensional (3D) volume-rendered CT images are useful for identifying the site of aortic rupture, but may not be available in an emergency.