18 巻 (2013) p. 109-121
This paper examines how stereotyping is effectively used as binary oppositions in movies by analyzing expressions useed in Pocahontas and images observed in Black Swan, and discusses how to use movies appropriately in class in terms of intercultural communication and literacy. The first part defines stereotypes and explains how stereotyping arises and affects intercultural communication. The second part explains binary oppositions and analyzes how they are used in American movies by highlighting the expressions for Native Americans and European settlers observed in Pocahontas. The third part focuses on the stereotyped multiple personalities in Black Swan. In Black Swan, the images of the prima ballerina, Nina, who simultaneously plays the part of the White Swan, Odette, and its antagonistic Black Swan, Odile, in Swan Lake appear as stereotyped multiple personalities on screen. Finally, the last part discusses how to deal with the stereotyped images depicted in movies when using them in class for successful intercultural communication.