2 巻 (1996) p. 23-33
Many Japanese students find it difficult to understand the slight differences in meaning of related dynamic verbs, such as giggle, chuckle, and grin. Dictionary definitions, even with illustrations, often offer little help in giving the students a clear image of these verbs and their synonyms. In addition to the spoken text of programs or movies, closed captions display sound effects in brackets, such as [panting], [muffled screaming], and [gasps]. Since these captions in brackets appear on screen, synchronized with corresponding actions and sounds, students can easily guess the meanings of these words. Using a VCR together with a computer with suitable software, captions in brackets with corresponding video segments can be easily captured. With dictionary definitions added, a multi-dimensional dictionary can be made, creating a resource which will be very effective in helping students understand these related dynamic verbs and appreciate how they differ.