Numerous studies have provided theoretical discussions on the advantages of using movies to teach a second/foreign language. The purpose of this study is to add further support by empirically investigating the effects of using film to develop listening skills among Japanese EFL learners. This paper first discusses the advantages of using movies to teach L2 listening skills and then presents the findings of a pre- and post-test experimental design with an experimental group and a control group. The collected data from Japanese high school students was analyzed using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) to assess the differences between the groups in the post-test mean scores after accounting for the pretest scores. The results show that the listening skills of the students in the experimental group—measured by original listening tests consisting of English listening comprehension and sound recognition questions—improved significantly more than those of the control group students. Although this study has several limitations such as the relatively small number of participants and defective control of other factors that could affect their learning, it indicates that film-based instruction can improve learners’ listening skills.