9 巻 (2004) p. 17-32
This paper is an attempt to review the history of teaching English through movies in Japan. In spite of the recent interest in the use of commercial films in the classroom, research conducted from a historical standpoint is quite limited in Japan. The main objective of this historical study is to reveal how commercial films have been utilized in the teaching of English in Japan. It also aims to reveal the present state of the use of movies in the teaching of English and possible challenges in using movies in the classroom. This paper focuses on the pre-1980 period when viewing videos in the classroom was not common in Japan. It was found that commercial films attracted much attention of Japanese learners of English soon after the Second World War but were not even considered as possible teaching materials for the classroom before 1980, except for a few experimental studies. The reasons for this situation are also examined in this paper.