2015 Volume 2 Issue 2 Pages 1-8
We carefully evaluated hunting incidents to identify risk factors and develop preventive measures. We analyzed 1,471 cases that were reported to the Japanese Hunting Association as fraternal insurance between 2007 and 2011. Most hunters responsible for the incidents were in their sixties and were veterans. Although these cases were treated as "hunting" incidents, the number of incidents associated with firearms was low. Only 144 (9.8%) of all "hunting" incidents were related to firearms, and 18.6% of the cases resulted in death. The most frequent factor responsible for firearm-related incidents was improper handling of firearms. In cases where the victim was mistaken for game, at least 61.5% of the victims were wearing fluorescent orange clothing. It was clear that the main cause of firearm-related incidents was violation of basic hunting rules. Therefore, a new qualification system is required for hunters and managers so that they can demonstrate their understanding of basic hunting principles.