Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Online ISSN : 1347-6947
Print ISSN : 0916-8451
Biochemistry & Molecular Biology Regular Papers
Characterization and Kinetics of 45 kDa Chitosanase from Bacillus sp. P16
You-Young JOKyu-Jong JOYu-Lan JINKil-Yong KIMJae-Han SHIMYong-Woong KIMRo-Dong PARK
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2003 Volume 67 Issue 9 Pages 1875-1882

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Abstract

  An extracellular 45 kDa endochitosanase was purified and characterized from the culture supernatant of Bacillus sp. P16. The purified enzyme showed an optimum pH of 5.5 and optimum temperature of 60°C, and was stable between pH 4.5-10.0 and under 50°C. The Km and Vmax were measured with a chitosan of a D.A. of 20.2% as 0.52 mg/ml and 7.71×10−6 mol/sec/mg protein, respectively. The enzyme did not degrade chitin, cellulose, or starch. The chitosanase digested partially N-acetylated chitosans, with maximum activity for 15-30% and lesser activity for 0-15% acetylated chitosan. The chitosanase rapidly reduced the viscosity of chitosan solutions at a very early stage of reaction, suggesting the endotype of cleavage in polymeric chitosan chains. The chitosanase hydrolyzed (GlcN)7 in an endo-splitting manner producing a mixture of (GlcN)2-5. Time course studies showed a decrease in the rate of substrate degradation from (GlcN)7 to (GlcN)6 to (GlcN)5, as indicated by the apparent first order rate constants, k1 values, of 4.98×10−4, 2.3×10−4, and 9.3×10−6 sec−1, respectively. The enzyme hardly catalyzed degradation of chitooligomers smaller than the pentamer.

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© 2003 by Japan Society for Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Agrochemistry
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