2004 Volume 68 Issue 8 Pages 1657-1662
This study was conducted to identify the sourness-suppressing peptides in cooked pork and to clarify the mechanism of sour taste suppression by the peptides. An extract prepared from pork loins vacuum-cooked at 60 °C for 6 hours after conditioning at 4 °C for 20 days was separated into three fractions: under MW 500 (Fraction I), MW 500–1,000 (Fraction II), and over MW 1,000 (Fraction III). The Fraction I content was largest. As judged by sensory evaluation, the addition of Fraction II was capable of suppressing stronger sourness than the other fractions. Fraction II also enhanced umami and saltiness. Three peptides (APPPPAEVHEVV, APPPPAEVHEVVE, and APPPPAEVHEVHEEVH) in Fraction II increased greatly during conditioning. A common peptide, APPPPAEVHEV, in the amino acid sequences of the three peptides suppressed the sour taste. The mechanism of sourness suppression by the peptide was concluded to comprise inhibition of the binding of sour taste substances to the membranes of the tongue.
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