2009 年 73 巻 7 号 p. 1505-1512
The presence of amylosucrase in 12 Alteromonas and Pseudoalteromonas strains was examined. Two Alteromonas species (Alteromonas addita KCTC 12195 and Alteromonas macleodii KCTC 2957) possessed genes that had high sequence homology to known amylosucrases. Genomic clones containing the ASase analogs were obtained from A. addita and A. macleodii, and the deduced amino acid sequences of the corresponding genes (aaas and amas, respectively) revealed that they were highly similar to the ASases of Neisseria polysaccharea, Deinococcus radiodurans, and Deinococcus geothermalis. Functional expression of amas in Escherichia coli was successful, and typical ASase activity was detected in purified recombinant AMAS, whereas the purified recombinant AAAS was nonfunctional. Although maximum total activity of AMAS was observed at 45 °C, the ratio of transglycosylation to total activity increased as the temperature decreased from 55 to 25 °C. These results imply that transglycosylation occurs preferentially at lower temperatures while hydrolysis is predominant at higher temperatures.