Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Online ISSN : 1347-6947
Print ISSN : 0916-8451
Biochemistry & Molecular Biology Regular Papers
Formate Oxidase, an Enzyme of the Glucose-Methanol-Choline Oxidoreductase Family, Has a His-Arg Pair and 8-Formyl-FAD at the Catalytic Site
Daiju DOUBAYASHITakumi OOTAKEYosifumi MAEDAMasaya OKIYuji TOKUNAGAAkihiko SAKURAIYukio NAGAOSABunzo MIKAMIHiroyuki UCHIDA
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2011 Volume 75 Issue 9 Pages 1662-1667

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Abstract

Formate oxidase of Aspergillus oryzae RIB40 contains an 8-replaced FAD with molecular mass of 799 as cofactor. The 1H-NMR spectrum of the cofactor fraction obtained from the enzyme indicated that the 8-replaced FAD in the fraction was 8-formyl-FAD, present in open form and hemiacetal form. The oxidation-reduction potentials of the open and hemiacetal forms were estimated by cyclic voltammetry to be −47 and −177 mV vs. Normal Hydrogen Electrode respectively. The structure of the enzyme was constructed using diffraction data to 2.24 Å resolution collected from a crystal of the enzyme. His511 and Arg554 were situated close to the pyrimidine part of the isoalloxazine ring of 8-formyl-FAD in open form. The enzyme had 8-formyl-FAD, the oxidation potential of which was approximately 160 mV more positive than that of FAD, and the His-Arg pair at the catalytic site, unlike the other enzymes belonging to the glucose-methanol-choline oxidoreductase family.

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© 2011 by Japan Society for Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Agrochemistry
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