2012 Volume 76 Issue 3 Pages 486-494
The optimal cellular responses to DNA damage are modulated by kinase and phosphatase. The ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) is a Ser/Thr kinase which is the core of the DNA damage signaling apparatus. The Ser/Thr protein phosphatase type 1 (PP1) inhibitor, tautomycetin (TC) and an antibody to the phospho-(S/T)Q sites of the ATM substrate were used to identify the common substrates for PP1 and ATM in regulating the pathway for DNA damage response. Ribosomal protein S6 (RPS6) was first identified as a substrate for PP1 and ATM. The phosphorylation at Ser247 of RPS6 was then significantly decreased by PP1-mediated dephosphorylation immediately after UV irradiation. These results suggest that PP1 specifically dephosphorylated RPS6 at phospho-Ser247 in vivo. In response to DNA damage, ATM activity was finally required for the phosphorylation of RPS6 at Ser247. We propose from these results a novel mechanism for modulating the RPS6 function by PP1 and ATM which regulates cell growth and survival in response to DNA-damage stimuli.
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