In the course of a search for an alkaline stable protease for industrial use, an alkaline protease (protease BYA) was isolated from an alkalophilic Bacillus sp. Y, and its properties were characterized. Its optimum pH was pH 10.0-12.5, when casein was used as a substrate. In addition to the stability of protease BYA at pH 6.5-13.0, it was also very stable towards various surface-active agents, such as sodium dodecyl sulfate and sodium linear alkylbenzene sulfonate. Protease BYA was most active at 70°C. The isoelectric point (pI) of protease BYA was about 10.1. Protease BYA was characterized as a serine protease because of its sensitivity to phenylmethanesulfonyl fluoride and diisopropyl fluorophosphate. The protease seems to be related to proteases of the subtilisin family, such as subtilisin BPN', subtilisin Carlsberg, and No. 221 protease.
Japan Society for Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Agrochemistry